Images

The Paris of Les Mis in Photographs

The invention of photography coincided almost exactly with the very first steps in the great mid-19th-century urban renewal of Paris–around the end of the 1830s. Given Victor Hugo’s fascination with lost places, and his penchant for filling his novels with settings that had already been destroyed, this doesn’t make it easy to find photographs of the places mentioned in Les Mis as they would have existed at the time. The elephant of the Bastille and the Rue de la Chanverrerie had both been destroyed by the time Daguerre perfected his invention, replaced by the July Column and the Rue Rambuteau. The old Paris prisons were demolished and the main thoroughfares of the Latin Quarter were gutted under Haussmann in the 1850s and 60s. Fortunately, pre-demolition photos were commissioned of the streets lost to Haussmannization; and even photos from later in the 19th century, though not exact, still give a better idea of the Rue Mondétour and the Faubourg Saint-Marcel as they were before 20th-century urban planning rendered them completely unrecognizable.

Rue Mondétour, de la rue Rambuteau (Charles Marville): Photograph of the site of the barricade circa 1865, after the Rue de la Chanverrerie had been demolished to make way for the Rue Rambuteau but before further urban improvements widened the Rue Mondétour. 2028 x 2265. From collections.paris.fr; hat tip to pesquetet on Tumblr for screencapping and piecing together the image.

Rue Mondétour, vue prise de la rue Rambuteau (Eugène Atget): A photograph of the site of the barricade as it existed in 1907. 512 x 728. From gallica.bnf.fr.

Rue Mondétour, entre la rue de la Grande Truanderie et la rue Pirouette (Eugène Atget): Another segment of the rue Mondétour near where the barricade would have been. It might be helpful to consult the closeup map of the area to visualize where this is. 728 x 512. From gallica.bnf.fr.

More to come!

Charles Marville’s Pre-Haussmann Photos

Charles Marville was the photographer hired by the Second Empire to document the sites about to be destroyed by Haussmannization in the 1860s. The 500 or so photographs in the galleries listed below are images of a Paris that, for the most part, no longer exists. These are medium-resolution versions downloaded from the City of Paris municipal museums collection; to access the high-res versions as in the photo of the Rue Mondétour above, you’ll have to search for them by ‘marville’ + street name on collections.paris.fr and use their clunky zoom tool, since there’s no easy way to download them.  (The divisions by arrondissement in the galleries below are according to the familiar modern numbering system for the Paris arrondissements, btw, not the one used up through the mid-19th century. A distinction that’s probably only useful for nitpicky enthusiasts, but I got thrown for a loop on the Paris collections website trying to figure out which one was being used in the captions, and figured I’d spare any fellow nitpicky enthusiasts the same trouble.)

Non-Photographic Images

Paris and its environs, displayed in a series of two hundred picturesque views: Google Books scan of an 1831 guide to Paris for English tourists. PDF, 20mb.

More to come!

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